Caland monument (1907) Henri Evers & Arend Odé

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About the artwork

The Caland monument is devoted to Waterstaat engineer Pieter Caland (1826 - 1902), the inventor of the Nieuwe Waterweg. Due to the construction of this water street, the port of Rotterdam was able to grow strongly at the end of the 19 century and the beginning of XNUM X century. The architectural design for the monument was made by the architect of the Rotterdam city hall, Henri Evers. He in turn called in the Delft professor AWM Odé for the sculpture. The monument was finished in 20 and it was given a central location on the Coolsingel until it had to be moved to the more remote Veerkade in 1907 for traffic-related reasons. In retrospect, that was probably a happy decision because there is a good chance that it will Caland monument otherwise the bombing of 1940 would not have survived. The basis of it Caland monument serves as an overflow basin for a number of water basins. Bronze lion heads hang above these three basins, spewing the basins. At the front, a bow-shaped water basin is populated by two naked figures. Various inscriptions have been placed on stone plaques. On the west side it reads: “The Council of Water Management. Set to assess the plans for improving Rotterdam's seaways, Caland's preference is based on the effects of ebb and flow. Correspondingly, the law of 24 Jan 1863 orders the digging of the Hoek van Holland and the damming of the crack. On top of the stone obelisk is a winged female figure, the genius of Rotterdam. It Caland monument together with it GJ de Jongh monument, Sculpture monument en Square island in the lake a collection of water management works in Rotterdam.

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About Henri Evers

Henri Evers (Ellecom, 1855 - Wassenaar, 1929) was a Dutch architect. After his studies in The Hague and Antwerp, he worked in Brussels, Vienna and Budapest. In 1885 he returned to the Netherlands and established himself as an architect in Amsterdam. In 1887, Evers became head of the Architecture Department at the Academy of Visual Arts in Rotterdam and was a professor from 1902 to 1926 at the TU in Delft. In his architecture we see ideas from Berlage and Jugendstil characteristics. The Rotterdam City Hall is a design by Evers and built between 1914 and 1920.

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About Arend Odé

Sculptor Arend Willem Maurits Odé was professor of modeling and sculpture in Delft. As a sculptor, he gained his reputation through his various decorations at the Peace Palace in The Hague (facade), the City Hall in Rotterdam and various monuments such as the Regentess monument in The Hague. Odé was a knight in the Order of the Netherlands Lion and an officer in the Order of Orange-Nassau.

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