Faith and freedom (1961) Loeki Metz

photo Otto Snoek
About the artwork

During the occupation years, a group of resistance fighters met regularly in the 'Faith and Freedom' building of the Dutch Reformed Church on the 1e Pijnackerstraat. The resistance group was led by Jacob Jan Hamelink. On October 18, 1942, the Sicherheitspolizei raided the building. Hamelink, Emanuel Zwitser and Teunis van Est were killed. The memorial Faith and freedom was designed by Loeki Metz and fitted in the facade. The relief has the shape of a torch, symbolizing the resistance fire. The upper part of the relief generally represents the resistance, depicted by a figure who protects the victims below with spread arms. Left women and children who are being taken away; right men who are put to work. The symbols of the essence of the resistance, Faith and Freedom, are applied as two small figures on the shoulders of the great figure. Below the figure are the names of the fallen: JJ Hamelink, Emanuel Zwitser and Teunis van Est, their dates of birth and the day of their departure. The lower part of the relief depicts the making of illegal printed matter and fingerprinting for false identity cards, a symbol of the work the victims did. On May 4, 1961, the day of the Remembrance Day, this monument was unveiled in memory of these three resistance fighters. The disclosure was made by Mrs. C. Hamelink in the presence of Mayor Van Walsum and his wife.

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About the artist

Louise Estelle Julie, or Loeki Metz (Amsterdam, 1918 - Rotterdam, 2004) was a sculptor and medalist. She mainly worked with bronze, wood and silver and made project art and idea art. Her style was impressionistic and figurative. She was friends with Mari Andriessen and spent a long time in Amsterdam, The Hague, Paris and Rotterdam. Her education was at the Rijksacademie in Amsterdam. Metz is best known for its reliefs and tokens.

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