Three Columns (1989) George Rickey
Rickey made his first mobile mobiles from metal wire and glass in the early 40s. Influenced by the moving sculptures of Naum Gabo, from the 50s onwards, he started to make stainless steel constructions that yield to the wind, which were constructed from rectangular planes and linear elements. Simple looking but very graceful Three Columns has become the culmination of this research. The movements of the three columns are related to the movements of the human body, see there the link with the Rotterdamse Schouwburg, where the work was applied in 1989. Rickey conceived of dance as the oldest kinetic tradition and said that his works can be regarded as choreographies. This is George Rickey's second work in Rotterdam. In 1986 he was approached by his old friend, art connoisseur and collector Prof. P. Sanders to exchange ideas about the interpretation of the three square steel frames above the entrance of the new building designed by architect Wim Quist for the Rotterdamse Schouwburg. It turned out to be a task that took Rickey about 3 years to solve. During the realization he wrote: “The columns that I have now made for Rotterdam are the result of earlier designs carried out in a coarser form and sometimes frustrating tests. As a finished product they seem simple, and they are, but they only became that after 3 years of experimenting, making discoveries and making improvements. ” The Van Ommeren company (now VOPAK) donated the artwork to the municipality of Rotterdam on the occasion of its 150th anniversary. In 1989 the Three Columns placed in the cubes. Fifty years earlier, Van Ommeren donated the Hofplein fountain to the municipality of Rotterdam. On May 19, 2015, one of the three moving sculptures was badly damaged in a storm and the fire brigade took several hours to safely remove a loose part. The entire artwork was therefore completely removed. The damage prompted a thorough restoration. After almost five years of absence, the Three Columns reinstalled on 11 and 12 March 2020 in the three steel cubes on the facade. For more information: Sculpture International Rotterdam.
George Rickey (South Bend, Indiana USA, 1907 - Saint Paul, Minnesota USA, 2002) was an American sculptor known for his kinetic sculptures. He studied in England and Paris and traveled through Europe. Back in the United States in the XNUMXs, he began to shift his focus from painting to sculpting. He combined his love for technology with cubism and with mobile forms such as van Calder. The metal parts of his images moved with the slightest movement of the wind. He is considered an important representative of neo-constructivism.