Woman with pigeon (1965) Cor van Kralingen

BKOR archive
About the artwork

This war memorial Woman with pigeon was on 14 May 1965, twenty-five years after the bombing, unveiled by then Mayor W. Thomassen. It was established in memory of all civilian casualties who died in the Second World War during the bombing of Rotterdam. The 2.50 meter high bronze statue can be found at the Crooswijk Cemetery. The monument was made by the Rotterdam sculptor Cor van Kralingen. The kneeling woman protects a pigeon, the symbol for peace, with bent arms. A bronze box with the Rotterdam coat of arms and the saying 'Stronger through Battle' is placed in the stone base. In the box is a register with the names of 677 victims of the bombing. There were many more victims, but the names of those remained unknown. The text on the pedestal reads:Remember the civilian casualties of this city 1940-1945'.

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About the artist

Cor van Kralingen (Rotterdam, 1908 - Mijnsheerenland, 1977) was a sculptor and illustrator. For the Varagids and publisher Thieme, he made many pen drawings between 1935 and 1960, among other things. During the reconstruction period Van Kralingen was able to design reliefs and facing bricks in Rotterdam. He designed it Twentsch Ros (1948) on the roof of the then Twentsche Bank on the Blaak and the eight animal figures of the Hofplein fountain (1955). He also made a number of war monuments, such as Falling man (1951) en Woman with pigeon (1965) at the war graves on Cemetery Crooswijk, and the Ttraveling woman (1958) on the Goereesestraat in Charlois. His style was characterized as invariably figurative. He liked simplicity and a classically oriented beauty.

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