Twentsch Ros (1948) Cor van Kralingen
Art often functioned as a logo of a business premises, as a logo, such as the Twentsch Ros on the roof molding of this building. This bank building was designed by the Rotterdam architect Ad van der Steur and sculptor Cor van Kralingen made the figurative image. To increase the decorative effect, the artist added symbols of the sea trade, such as a bale and a fish under the horse. The motto of post-war Rotterdam, 'Stronger through Struggle', adorns the facade below. However, the steed was a strange contrast to the square building, but the statue was regarded by contemporaries as the first post-war artwork of allure. The horse sometimes seems to float, as it is placed on the roof. It is not only a symbol of trade, but also of freedom, daring, optimism and hope - especially hope for a good future. It Twentsch Ros not only symbolized the resilience of the Twentsche Bank after the war, but also served as a model for the reconstruction of Rotterdam. On a poster for the public excursion 'Rotterdam 1953. A new city' (1953), published by the municipal Bureau of Information & Publicity, the prancing horse towered high above the contours of the resurrected city. In 2010 this building became a national monument.
Cor van Kralingen (Rotterdam, 1908 - Mijnsheerenland, 1977) was a sculptor and illustrator. For the Varagids and publisher Thieme, he made many pen drawings between 1935 and 1960, among other things. During the reconstruction period Van Kralingen was able to design reliefs and facing bricks in Rotterdam. He designed it Twentsch Ros (1948) on the roof of the then Twentsche Bank on the Blaak and the eight animal figures of the Hofplein fountain (1955). He also made a number of war monuments, such as Falling man (1951) en Woman with pigeon (1965) at the war graves on Cemetery Crooswijk, and the Ttraveling woman (1958) on the Goereesestraat in Charlois. His style was characterized as invariably figurative. He liked simplicity and a classically oriented beauty.