Birds (1958) Jan Bezemer
Opposite the Hilton Hotel, at the intersection of Coolsingel and Kruiskade, stood the Spinoza building since 1954. A reconstruction building designed by the Rotterdam architect Kraaijvanger on behalf of the Philips Pension Fund, where the Slavenburg Bank was established for a long time. The building was completed in 1958 with the wall decoration on the front wall Birds by monumental artist and graphic artist Jan Bezemer. The meter-high illustration showed a dynamic composition of interlocking wings, executed in blue, white and black colored bricks. In addition to freedom, it also depicted order and harmony, entirely in keeping with the post-war spirit. Old aerial photos and postcards show that the wall decoration determined the view of the city from far away. But this was only for a short time, because six years later, in 1964, the opposite Hilton Hotel was completed and the facade became less visible. In 2012, the Spinoza building was demolished to make way for Cool63, a new building with shops and apartments. With that is Birds lost after 54 years.
Jan Bezemer (Rotterdam, 1907 - 1997) was a graphic artist, wall painter, sculptor and monumental artist. He studied at the Academy of Visual Arts in Rotterdam and spent his entire life living and working in this city. Bezemer says he started lithographing out of a lack of money, but this did not prevent him from pushing the boundaries of engraving. His work was so groundbreaking that Willem Sandberg (former director of the Stedelijk Museum in Amsterdam) devoted an exhibition to his work in 1959. He was one of the prominent artists, who belonged to the generation of post-war graphic artists who would dominate the artistic landscape of Rotterdam for many years. There are two subjects that inspired Bezemer during his life: animals and athletes. Animals in particular have been a recurring subject in his life, because as early as the 30 he was responsible for painting the signs at Diergaarde Blijdorp.